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Signs Of Tooth Decay

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Signs Of Tooth Decay

Written by Schererville Family Dentistry on . Posted in Uncategorized

tooth-decayWhile it is never fun for your dentist to discover that you have a cavity, it is fairly common to face tooth decay at one time or another. Plaque buildup is the leading cause of tooth decay, which occurs when a thin layer of sticky, colorless bacteria forms on the teeth. Whenever we consume sugary foods and beverages, these bacteria produce harmful acids in our mouth, which then begin to weaken and destroy the tooth’s hard outer surface. When plaque isn’t removed through regular brushing and flossing, it can progress through all layers of a tooth’s structure until a cavity, or hole, finally appears.

Signs of decay

If you suspect that you have tooth decay, have it checked out by your dentist as soon as possible. The sooner you identify decay, the less extensive the damage and treatment likely will be. If you have any of the following symptoms, you may have tooth decay:

  • • Unusual tooth sensitivity to hot and cold foods or drinks

  • • Persistent tooth pain

  • • Dark spots on teeth or discolored teeth

  • • Bad breath or an unpleasant taste in the mouth

Cavity prevention is easy

The best defense against decay is excellent oral hygiene habits at home and routine visits to your dentist. By treating decay early, you can prevent more serious problems that require treatments such as fillings and even root canal therapy.

Simple ways to prevent tooth decay include the following: 

  • • Brush at least twice a day with fluoride toothpaste.

  • • Floss daily to remove trapped food debris from between teeth and along the gum line.

  • • Rinse your mouth with water after eating.

  • • Visit your dentist twice a year for routine exams and professional cleanings.

  • • Stimulate saliva production between brushing by chewing gum, as saliva helps fight cavities by rinsing harmful materials from the mouth.

  • • Modify your diet to limit your consumption of sugary foods and drinks.

If you are suffering from the painful symptoms of tooth decay, call Schererville and Chesterton Family Dentistry today. We can provide the treatment you need to combat cavities, stop pain and save your tooth!

10 Quick Tips On Oral Hygiene

Written by Schererville Family Dentistry on . Posted in Uncategorized

teethIn order to maintain a healthy mouth and a sparkling smile, you must build lasting oral hygiene habits — most of which start at home. These 10 simple tips can help you keep your teeth and gums healthy for many years to come.

  1. 1. Brush teeth twice a day.
    No matter how busy life gets, make sure you prioritize tooth brushing. Brush your teeth with fluoride toothpaste at least twice a day to prevent decay and gum disease. Diligent brushing will also help keep your breath fresh and your teeth stain-free.
  2. 2. Don’t forget to floss daily.
    Like brushing, flossing is very important to oral health as it cleans problem areas where your toothbrush can’t reach. At a minimum, floss once a day to remove food particles and plaque buildup that collect between teeth and along the gum line.

  3. 3. Focus on proper brushing techniques.
    Effective tooth brushing requires a full two minutes each time. Holding your brush at a 45-degree angle, use a gentle back and forth motion to clean the tooth. Repeat for each tooth until you have cleaned all surfaces of your teeth.

  4. 4. Quit using tobacco as soon as possible.
    Smoking and other tobacco products aren’t just bad for your general health, they can also wreak havoc on your mouth. Stop using tobacco products now to prevent many serious health problems including oral cancer and gum disease.

  5. 5. Remember to replace your toothbrush.
    Toothbrush bristles wear over time, so make sure you replace your brush at least every three months. You should also toss your brush and purchase a new one following an illness to prevent recontamination.

  6. 6. Eat a balanced diet.
    The foods you consume on a daily basis impact more than your body — they impact your mouth as well.  Green leafy vegetables, lean proteins, whole grains, and raw fruits and vegetables contain essential vitamins and minerals to keep your mouth healthy and free from disease.

  7. 7. Say no to sugary treats.
    You should make an effort to reduce how much sugar you eat. Sugar-filled foods and drinks play a significant role in the development of tooth decay. Eliminating them from your diet is a great way to avoid cavities and other dental problems.

  8. 8. Use the right toothbrush.
    As a general rule, the best toothbrush is one that fits comfortably in your mouth and easily reaches all of your teeth. Most professionals recommend a soft-bristled brush with a small head for effective brushing. Electric toothbrushes are also excellent alternatives to manual brushes, especially for a person with limited dexterity.

  9. 9. Rinse your mouth.
    Used in conjunction with brushing and flossing, mouthwash can be an effective way to help strengthen enamel, prevent the development of plaque, and fight gum disease. If you can’t get to your mouthwash, swishing with water after eating can also help dislodge food particles until you can brush.

  10. 10. Visit your dentist regularly.
    Last but certainly not least, visit your dentist for twice-yearly cleanings and exams to help detect and prevent future problems. Always report dental problems to your dentist as soon as possible to avoid more serious issues and treatments.

Allow us to help you take the next step toward better oral hygiene. For professional cleanings, exams and tips on keeping your mouth healthy, visit us at our Chesterton or Schereville office.  Call (219) 929-9289 or (219) 322-3232 today!

Why You Should Get Treatment For Your Cavity

Written by Schererville Family Dentistry on . Posted in Uncategorized

Most of us have faced a cavity or two at some point. These tiny holes on a tooth’s surface form when the tooth begins to decay. The hole can grow larger and deeper over time, a process of breaking down the tooth’s enamel. While cavities may seem inconvenient, it is critical that you have them filled by a dentist as soon as possible. Treating cavities early helps prevent long-term damage to the structure of teeth and is critical for maintaining good oral health.

Untreated cavities and health risks.

You may be tempted to delay treatment for a cavity, especially if you aren’t experiencing pain. Unfortunately, improved brushing won’t repair decay — and as your cavity gets larger, so does the risk for other health problems.

Increased sensitivity, pain and swelling are all symptoms of deep, untreated cavities. As the cavity grows deeper, the nerve of the tooth can get infected, and a root canal may be required to save the tooth. If damage to the nerve is too extensive, extracting the tooth may be your only option.

Cavity treatment is easy.

If you suspect that you have a cavity, the best thing you can do is get it filled by your dentist immediately. Treating a cavity as soon as it begins to form is a quick and virtually painless procedure thanks to modern dentistry, but can be far more complex if you ignore it.

Filling a cavity involves the following easy steps under the gentle care of your dentist.

  • The area surrounding the decayed tooth is numbed by the dentist using a numbing agent.
  • The dentist will gently remove the infected portion of the tooth.
  • Once the decay is removed, the dentist will fill the tooth with a special filling material, such as composite-resin or porcelain.
  • In just a few hours, the effects of the numbing agent will disappear, leaving you with a healthy, natural-looking tooth and restored oral health.

Prevention is key.

Ultimately, your best option is to prevent cavities before they develop. Since most cavities are caused by sugars and bacteria in the mouth, you can play a vital role in protecting your teeth and gums from harmful decay by taking better care of your teeth at home. Brush and floss regularly with fluoride toothpaste, and limit sugary foods and drinks that create plaque in the mouth. These simple at-home improvements combined with regular visits to your dentist will go a long way to prevent cavities from forming in the first place.

Don’t Wait — Contact Chesterton Family Dentistry and Schererville Family Dentistry Today! 

Bottom line: The longer you put off treatment for your cavity, the more painful and complex it becomes. Contact Chesterton Family Dentistry and Schererville Family Dentistry at the first sign of decay for quick and easy cavity fillings. Even better, avoid cavities altogether by practicing excellent oral hygiene and visiting our office for routine cleanings and exams.

Tips For Preventing And Reducing Tooth Stains

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When you look in the mirror and smile, don’t be alarmed if a set of stained, discolored teeth smiles back at you. Unfortunately, many of us will experience some degree of tooth discoloration over the years.

The good news is that discolored teeth are common and typically easy to correct. Your dentist can help you find the right whitening treatment to brighten your teeth by several shades. In the meantime, follow these simple steps for preventing and reducing unwanted tooth stains. 

What is causing your tooth stains?

Most types of stains are extrinsic, meaning they affect only the outer tooth enamel. Extrinsic stains can be removed fairly easily. Other types of discoloration may be intrinsic, which affects the inner structure of the tooth, also known as the dentin. Teeth with intrinsic discoloring are not as easily corrected.

There are many factors that can contribute to tooth stains, including:

  • Foods and drinks: Coffee, tea, soda, red wine, soy sauce, tomato sauce and berries are common offenders of tooth stains.
  • Poor dental hygiene: Stain-causing substances left on teeth due to inadequate brushing and flossing can eventually lead to tooth discoloration.
  • Natural aging process: Teeth may naturally yellow or change colors with age as enamel thins and wears.
  • Tobacco use: Smoking and chewing tobacco can make teeth appear yellowed and dingy over time.
  • Disease and medications: Certain diseases and medications can lead to discoloration of your teeth.
  • Trauma: Discoloration of a tooth may appear following an injury.

Can I prevent my teeth from staining?

Many surface stains on the teeth can be easily prevented with simple lifestyle changes. Brush and floss after every meal to reduce the build-up of stain-producing foods on the teeth. If you’re a coffee lover, wine enthusiast or smoker, consider cutting back or stopping altogether to reduce stains. Most importantly, visit your dentist regularly for routine cleanings to remove tough stains from the surface of teeth.

What treatments are available to whiten my teeth?

When changes to your lifestyle and at-home remedies aren’t enough, your dentist can provide advanced whitening treatments for dramatic, long-lasting whitening results. One option, at-home whitening trays, allows patients to conveniently whiten their teeth from the comfort of their home. After being custom fitted for trays by the dentist, patients will wear the trays with a bleaching gel each day as prescribed. Over the course of several days, patients will notice whiter teeth and a brighter smile as stains disappear.

If you desire nearly instant results, you may benefit from professional, in-office teeth whitening. This safe and highly effective treatment involves applying a special whitening agent to the teeth. The whitening solution is activated by a light to accelerate the whitening process. In-office whitening is ideal for busy patients looking for immediate results and dramatically whiter teeth in as little as one visit to our office.

Professional cleanings help keep teeth white!

At Chesterton Family Dentistry and Schererville Family Dentistry, we can help you maintain white, stain-free teeth through professional cleanings. Combined with at-home care, a regularly scheduled cleaning is one of the best ways to remove stain-causing substances from your teeth.

Cleanings are quick and comfortable at one of our two office locations — not to mention a critical part of maintaining good dental health for a lifetime. Call (219) 322-3232 or (219) 929-9289 today!

Bridging the Gap: Why Prompt Tooth Replacement Is Important for Adults With Missing Teeth

Written by Schererville Family Dentistry on . Posted in Uncategorized

When you think about losing a tooth, you may think back to wiggling a baby tooth in the hopes that it would fall out sooner and summon a gift from the tooth fairy. Childhood tooth loss is a crucial developmental step toward a healthy adult smile, but it’s not the only type of tooth loss that may occur.

Why Prompt Tooth Replacement Is Important for Adults With Missing Teeth

While dental advances have made adult tooth loss less likely now than it has ever been before, many adults must come to terms with a gap in their smile.

In this blog, we discuss the common causes of adult tooth loss, how adults may replace missing teeth, and why prompt replacement is crucial for good dental health.

What Are the Common Causes of Adult Tooth Loss?

Adult tooth loss can happen to anyone. However, tooth loss disproportionately affects individuals who are over 65 years old, who are smokers, who live under the poverty line, or who are black or Hispanic.

These demographics are not causes of tooth loss but rather contributors. For example, age and smoking can weaken teeth, and those living under the poverty line, a group often including minorities, may have fewer dental and medical resources to combat the damage.

In adults, tooth loss rarely consists of wiggling the offending tooth back and forth. Adults are more likely to lose their teeth in the following ways:

  • Dental extraction, which becomes necessary when a tooth is damaged or infected beyond repair and could harm the teeth around it, oral soft tissues, or the jaw
  • An impact injury, such as would occur due to an airbag deploying in a car accident and dislodging teeth that are compromised by poor dental care

As we discussed in our previous blog, “Get the Facts: Common Dental Myths That Could Harm Your Teeth,” adult tooth loss is not an inevitability, even for seniors. However, it is important to care for your teeth properly and avoid damaging habits to reduce your risk of tooth loss.

What Options Do Adults Have to Replace Missing Teeth?

In dental emergencies where a tooth is knocked out, a skilled dentist may be able to restore the natural tooth. In order for this procedure to be performed, the patient must see a dentist within an hour of the incident. The tooth must still have all tissue and the root attached and preferably should be untouched.

In most cases, however, simply returning the tooth to its socket is not an option. Instead, patients may be offered the following replacement solutions.

Dental Implants

Dental implants consist of a strong titanium screw and a cosmetic crown. To put in the implant, a dentist places the screw in the jaw bone and attaches the crown to the screw’s anchor.

Dental implants may work better when a patient has lost only one tooth and wants the most natural-looking and natural-feeling replacement.

Partial Dentures

Partial dentures consist of one or more false teeth that either fit into the mouth like a dental retainer or are anchored to the teeth around them. In cases of extensive tooth loss, complete dentures would be used instead.

Dentures are usually used to replace multiple teeth but may be the preferred alternative if the patient does not have adequate gum health or jaw-bone strength to support implants.

The right replacement method for you depends on the extent of your tooth loss, your current oral health, your medical history, and your budget. Consult with your dentist to determine your best option.

Why Is Prompt Replacement So Important?

When a child loses a tooth, the new tooth usually begins to erupt soon afterward, filling the gap. When an adult loses a tooth, the gap must be filled with a false tooth as soon as possible. Lost teeth can change your appearance and the functionality of your mouth.

Adult tooth loss can cause the following issues:

  • Facial collapse—Loss of the front teeth changes the shape and muscle tone of the face. Individuals may exhibit sunken cheeks and a shorter facial profile.
  • Increased risk of future tooth loss—When an adult tooth is lost, the new opening exposes the enamel and roots of the teeth on either side of the gap. Many individuals with missing teeth that go unreplaced will experience future tooth loss.
  • Lower jaw-bone density—Bones stay strong through use. When a tooth is lost, that section of the jaw bone no longer receives stimulation, and the lack of stimulation can change the composition of the bone.
  • Misalignment—Without a false tooth to fill in the gap in your smile, your teeth may shift due to your altered bite alignment.
  • Reduced chewing capability—Dental experts estimate that each lost tooth reduces a patient’s chewing ability by 10 percent.
  • Unclear speech—Depending on which teeth you are missing, the gaps in your smile may also create impediments to your speech.

If you have gaps in your smile, consult with your dentist. Choosing a high-quality tooth replacement can get your dental health back on track and restore your bright, confident grin.

5 Steps to Improve Your Personal Oral Hygiene Routine

Written by Schererville Family Dentistry on . Posted in Uncategorized

Whether you just had a dental cavity filled or just wish you flossed more consistently, you may realize that you aren’t satisfied with your oral hygiene routine. This realization can come at any age and shouldn’t be a cause for embarrassment but rather a call to action.

5 Steps to Improve Your Personal Oral Hygiene Routine

To improve your oral hygiene overall, you’ll need to take small steps that build lasting good habits. Start with these five steps toward a more effective oral hygiene routine.

  1. Consult With Your Dentist

The first step in an effort toward better oral health should always be a trip to the dentist. During your next regular dental cleaning and exam, ask if you can address some of your concerns with your dentist.

Your dentist can make oral hygiene recommendations based on the current health and strength of your teeth, as well as the condition of your oral soft tissues. This consultation can prove vital during the next step of determining where your oral hygiene routine habits are weakest because you’ll already have a professional’s insight.

  1. Determine Your Weak Points

Lasting changes start with small, manageable changes rather than complete overhauls. Give yourself some time to sit down and honestly determine which of your oral hygiene habits are the weakest.

Do you sometimes forget to brush your teeth on the way out the door? Do you skip flossing more often than you do it? Does your sugary diet undermine all the hard work you do when brushing and flossing? Once you’ve determined where your routine is weakest, make a plan to address that area specifically.

For example, to address the specific hypothetical problems we brought up, you could put two minutes for brushing your teeth on your daily calendar page. To improve flossing, make a goal to floss once more a week than you currently do and increase the number of sessions each week. Start reducing the amount of harmful foods you consume one at a time.

  1. Make the Whole Day Part of Your Routine

While it’s obviously essential to put in the time to brush and floss thoroughly, you can also begin other habits to keep your teeth healthier overall. To make your average day better for your teeth, your habit changes could include:

  • Avoiding food and beverages other than water before you go to bed
  • Chewing sugar free gum after you eat to reduce the amount of food particles that stick to your teeth
  • Drinking more water to encourage natural saliva production and wash away food particles

Altering your diet to include more tooth-friendly foods can also ensure that your daily activities support a healthy smile. Start with the recommendations in our previous blog, “4 Cavity-Free Cooking Tips.”

  1. Replace Your Toothbrush and Other Tools

For many individuals, their best efforts toward better oral hygiene are undermined by poor-quality tools. Your toothbrush should be replaced every three to four months, as well as after a viral or bacterial illness. If you haven’t replaced your toothbrush in a while, start fresh.

Choosing equipment that works for you personally can improve the quality of your oral hygiene dramatically. Use your dentist’s recommendations to decide on your brush bristle hardness. You may even want to consider using an electronic toothbrush.

Similarly, if you struggle using traditional floss, handheld “flossers” may be more comfortable for you. If you have particularly sensitive gums, you may even decide to try water flossing. Finding the right combination of at-home dental tools for your comfort and specific health needs ensures that your oral hygiene sessions are as effective as possible.

During your dental consultation, your dentist may also recommend adding a mouthwash or a fluoridated product to your routine to supplement your usual brushing and flossing.

  1. Time Your Brushing Sessions

One of the most common problems with inadequate oral hygiene routines in adults is that the individuals just don’t spend enough time brushing. Use a stopwatch to time one of your usual brushing sessions. If you come in at less than two minutes, start improving your oral hygiene by setting aside more time.

Set a timer when you brush to ensure that you don’t skimp or skip potentially neglected oral surfaces like the insides of your teeth, your tongue, and your gums. If you have trouble maintaining focus, pick a song that’s approximately two minutes and make it your new oral hygiene jam.

As you designate a small amount of time each morning and each evening for your teeth, you train yourself to include this full routine in your everyday schedule. It may take some time to build up the habit, but being consistent can ensure that you automatically prioritize your oral health for many days, weeks, and years to come.


Use these steps and the recommendations of your dentist to feel confident that you’re doing everything necessary to achieve your best smile.

Get the Facts: Common Dental Myths That Could Harm Your Teeth

Written by Schererville Family Dentistry on . Posted in Uncategorized

Unfortunately, even though basic oral hygiene should be straightforward, many people are still misinformed about the importance of regular dental care and proper brushing and flossing. Once you know the facts about dental health, you’ll be on the path to excellent dental health for years to come. 

Get the Facts Common Dental Myths That Could Harm Your Teeth

Here are some common dental myths that will keep you from choosing the best care for your teeth.

Myth: My Gums Bleed, So I Should Not Floss

This is a common myth, and it is very damaging. When gums bleed during brushing and flossing, it’s a sign of the early stages of gum disease. Gums start to bleed because oral health has been neglected.

So, the best solution is not to stop flossing or brushing but is to make flossing and brushing daily a priority. In the early stages of gum disease, the gums can recover. If you keep putting off good tooth and gum care, the disease can progress and could require expensive restorative dentistry.

The easiest way to fix bleeding gums is to keep them clean. 

Myth: My Teeth Don’t Hurt, So I Don’t Need to See the Dentist

Many people think that they need to see the dentist only when something is wrong. However, if you put off seeing the dentist until you’re in pain, the necessary dental work will be much more extensive and costly.

Cavities do not usually hurt. A cavity is preliminary tooth decay that breaks through the hard outer enamel and starts eating away at the softer dentin inside your tooth. You will not feel any pain until the decay reaches the nerve (or root) of the tooth. At this point, a simple filling will not solve the problem. You will need a root canal to save your tooth. 

Seeing your dentist regularly (usually every six months) for cleaning and x-rays helps to catch cavities when they are small. Proactive dental care is much safer and much more affordable for your oral health. 

Myth: Children’s Teeth Just Fall Out, So Dental Care Is Not Needed

Primary teeth, also known as milk or baby teeth, are actually essential for the future of your child’s dental health. Care for early primary teeth is important because:

Primary teeth mark the path for adult teeth. If a primary tooth is not cared for, it may decay so badly it will need to be pulled. Pulling out primary teeth sets a child up to have a crooked smile later in life because the primary teeth provide spacing and growth direction for permanent teeth. 

Caring for primary teeth forges the habit to properly care for permanent teeth. Good dental-care habits are learned early. It can be difficult to teach an older child to respect their adult teeth when they never learned to respect their earlier teeth. 

Neglecting tooth care can lead to infection. Unfortunately, it is not uncommon for toddlers and young children to have decay so advanced that an abscess develops. These dental infections are very serious, and when they are untreated, they can spread to other parts of the body, including the bones and the brain. Good brushing and flossing will prevent this type of infection from ever developing.  

Care for primary teeth puts your child on the path of good dental health for the rest or his or her life. 

Myth: Brushing Harder Will Clean My Teeth Better

With all the emphasis placed on the importance of brushing well and often, many people over-brush. While brushing hard may give you the feeling that you are cleaning your teeth better, in reality hard brushing only serves to damage the gums. 

Your gum tissue is delicate and soft. With repeated rough strokes over the gum line, the tissue becomes aggravated, and it will start to recede, exposing the root of the tooth. Your teeth will become more sensitive to hot and cold. They’ll also be more prone to infection and decay.

With extreme recession, you will need restorative work like gum grafts to help replace the lost gum line. 

Instead of brushing hard, take care to use gentle, diagonal strokes to clean the teeth without aggravating the gums. Set a timer for two minutes. Soft brushing for the full two minutes will leave your mouth sparkling clean without any negative side effects. 

Myth: It’s Normal to Lose Teeth with Age

In decades past, it was common for seniors to lose their teeth. However, with current dental care and awareness, there is no reason why a healthy individual should lose their teeth with age. Proper dental care and good dietary practices during youth and young adulthood can ensure the survival of all your teeth.

Some medical problems can, however, lead to premature tooth loss. For example, those with acid reflux or specific medications can experience a higher rate of tooth loss. 

For more information on the simplicity of preventative dental care for your family, contact us at Schererville Family Dentistry.

7 Tips to Protect Your Gums

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Most people know the importance of brushing and flossing their teeth. But they might neglect caring for another important part of their mouths: their gums.

Gums are tissues that anchor your teeth to your mouth. They also protect your teeth from shock and damage. But just as bacteria can cause your teeth to decay, they can also cause damage to your gums.

Fortunately, there are several steps you can take to protect your gums from damage and disease.7 Tips to Protect Your Gums

  1. Brush Your Gums

We say “brush your teeth” but we should really say “brush your teeth and gums.” You should give your gums and gumline a thorough brushing to remove bacteria and the food particles that attract bacteria. But it’s important not to harm your gums when you brush them.

Many people brush using a rough, back-and-forth motion, which can actually hurt the teeth and gums. A better way to brush is to gently wiggle your toothbrush in a circular motion. This motion is a more effective way to clean your gums and gumline.

An electric toothbrush mimics this brushing motion and is a better choice to protect your teeth and gums.

  1. Floss Gently

Flossing removes particles that hide in between the teeth and at the gumline. If you don’t remove them, they can cause damage to both your teeth and your gums.

Along with flossing between the teeth, make sure to reach the space in between each tooth and the gums. Curve the floss into a “C” shape to gently floss in the small pocket above the tooth.

If you haven’t flossed for a while, your gums might bleed. You can prevent bleeding by moving the floss slowly and gently. Don’t snap the floss into your gums. Ribbon floss is softer than nylon or plastic and is less likely to cause bleeding.

  1. Use Mouthwash

Mouthwash doesn’t just freshen your breath. It contains fluoride and antimicrobial agents that discourage plaque and tartar and prevent gum disease. Some mouthwashes are more powerful than others. Choose a therapeutic mouthwash that’s approved by the American Dental Association.

  1. Avoid Smoking and Chewing

Cigarettes and tobacco are a direct cause of gum disease. Using them can cause your immune system to decline, making it harder for your immune system to prevent gum infections. People who smoke frequently or who have smoked for a long time have a greater risk of gum disease. Seek out a program in your area that can give you the support you need to quit smoking or chewing.

  1. Eat Healthy

Foods high in sugar and starch encourage bacteria growth, leading to plaque and gum disease. Harmful foods include many items you might expect, such as soda, candy, pastries, chips, and French fries. They also include some foods you might not expect, such as pasta, rice, bread, cereal, and potatoes.

Eating nutritious foods supplies your body with vitamins that protect your gums from disease and decay. Eat vegetables and fruits, healthy fats like butter and olive oil, and healthy proteins like beans, chicken, and fish.

  1. Watch for Signs of Gum Disease

Gum disease is a potentially dangerous infection. When only your gums are infected, the disease is called gingivitis. When the infection spreads into your bone, it’s known as periodontitis.

You develop gum disease when bacteria start to eat at your teeth and gums, leaving plaque behind. When plaque stays on your teeth, it causes your gums to swell and become inflamed.

Look for symptoms of gum disease, such as:

  • Swollen gums
  • Receding gumline (your gums look smaller than they used to)
  • Bleeding gums when you brush or floss
  • Loose teeth
  • Sensitive teeth
  • Bad breath

If you notice any of these signs, set an appointment with your dentist. Your dentist will perform a deep cleaning on and under your gumline. He or she will scrape a hard buildup called tartar from your gums. If your teeth are loose, your dentist can smooth your tooth roots to help reattach them to the gums.

Your dentist might prescribe something to treat your symptoms, including an oral medicine, an antibiotic gel, or a slow-release medicinal gel.

If these treatments don’t work, your dentist might recommend surgery. Through gum graft surgery, your dentist removes tissue from your mouth and uses it to cover your tooth roots. Through flap surgery, your dentist lifts your gums to remove tartar from under your gum line.

  1. Get Regular Dental Cleanings

Twice-yearly dental cleanings play a crucial part in preventing gum disease. Dental hygienists use advanced cleaning techniques to remove plaque and tartar. Dentists also look closer at your mouth and gums to spot any signs of gum disease before it gets worse.

Follow these steps and keep your gums healthy and disease-free. If you’re due for a dental cleaning, call Schererville Family Dentistry to schedule an appointment.

Tips for Protecting Your Teeth This Holiday Season

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While many people consider the holiday season “the most wonderful time of the year,” your dentist might consider it the most dangerous time of the year. Holiday treats, drinks, and snacks Smiling holiday shopper with good teethbecome commonplace, making cavities and other dental problems more likely.

Use these tips to protect your teeth and smile brightly for the holidays.

  1. Avoid Staining Drinks

When you attend parties and social events, you have many drinks to choose from. Unfortunately, many of these drinks can stain your teeth.

  • Coffee and tea contain tannins, which discolor teeth. Black tea stains teeth yellow, and green tea stains teeth gray.
  • Soda is acidic, and this acid can create holes in your teeth. It’s also high in sugar, which feeds the bacteria in your mouth.
  • Red wine contains tannins that turn teeth gray.
  • White wine can make tooth stains even more prominent.
  • Juice also contains sugar that can increase cavity risk.

When you’re out with friends or spending time with family, consider replacing these drinks with flavored water. You can make your own flavored water by adding fruit like raspberries, strawberries, and orange slices to your water. If you do drink any staining drinks, try drinking with a lid to avoid tooth exposure.

  1. Keep Treats Out of Reach

Are you tired of well-meaning friends dropping off plates of sugary goodies? With so many treats around you, you’re tempted to eat them every day. As sugar collects on your teeth, bacteria begins to eat the sugar. The bacteria creates acid in your mouth. This acid causes your tooth enamel to break down, creating cavities.

Instead of eating everything in sight, consider giving these treats to a friend or neighbor. You could also bring them to work or to a party or event. In any case, don’t keep the treats sitting out in your kitchen or another area you frequent.

Another strategy is to divide the treats into small servings. Set a goal for yourself, such as that you’ll only eat one serving a day.

Make sure to eat plenty of vegetables, protein, and whole grains. These foods provide important nutrients and keep you satiated so you’re less likely to reach for sugary treats.

  1. Plan Ahead for Parties

Even if you can avoid sugary treats at home, you might go overboard as soon as you arrive at a party.  Do your part to protect your teeth from sugary foods. Decide before you arrive at the party how many sugary treats you’re going to eat. When you arrive, follow your plan rather than loading your plate.

  1. Avoid Crunchy Foods

The holidays also bring many crunchy treats, such as nuts, popcorn, nut brittle, and pretzels. Although these foods taste delicious, they can easily damage your teeth. Don’t overdo it on these foods, and be careful as you bite into them. Also, don’t shell nuts with your teeth. If you do chip a tooth or filling, see a dentist right away.

  1. Don’t Use Your Teeth for Wrapping

Some people use their teeth while wrapping presents. For example, they might use their teeth to cut ribbon or tape. Despite their strength, teeth aren’t accustomed to performing these kinds of tasks. As you continue to put your teeth through this stress, you might experience cracks, fractures, and chips in your teeth.

  1. Avoid Grinding Your Teeth

For many people, the holiday season is the most stressful time of the year. A common reaction to stress is to grind the teeth and clench the jaw, especially while sleeping. These practices damage teeth and increase mouth and jaw pain. If you have this problem, talk to a dentist about a mouth guard. This device can help you avoid practices that damage teeth.

  1. Amp Up Your Hygiene Routine

Now more than ever, it’s important to take care of your teeth with regular hygiene practices. Even if you brush and floss every day, you might not be doing everything you could to achieve a sparkling smile.

Follow these tips to improve your brushing routine:

  1. Replace your toothbrush every few months. Frayed bristles don’t adequately clean your teeth.
  2. Brush every surface of your teeth, including the outer surfaces, inner surfaces, chewing surfaces, and the spaces between teeth. Brush your gums and tongue as well to remove bacteria.
  3. Set a timer to ensure you brush for a full two minutes.

You can also improve your flossing routine by going beyond flossing between the teeth. Curve the floss around each tooth and floss under the gum line as well.

Seeing your dentist every six months should also be an important part of your hygiene routine. Dental staff members use special equipment and procedures to remove hardened plaque that you can’t remove with mere brushing and flossing. They also check your teeth, mouth, and gums for any problems.

Follow these tips to maintain a bright, healthy holiday smile. If you’re due for a dental appointment, call Schererville Family Dentistry.

4 Cavity-Free Cooking Tips

Written by Schererville Family Dentistry on . Posted in Uncategorized

You already know the old, tried-and-true tips for maintaining a healthy smile. You brush and floss daily. You rinse with mouthwash. And you schedule bi-annual appointments with your dentist to clean your teeth and check for developing problems.

But did you know that these habits aren’t enough to prevent cavities entirely?

Your diet also plays a key role in whether you suffer from tooth decay and oral disease. The foods you choose and the ways you prepare them could make or break your teeth, literally.

If you want to keep your teeth and gums healthy, consider the following changes when you cook your food.

1. Rely on Natural Sweeteners

The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends limiting sugar intake to 6 teaspoons of sugar daily for women and 9 teaspoons of sugar for men. Yet despite this recommendation, the average American adult consumes nearly 19.5 teaspoons of sugar every day.

Although sugar doesn’t cause cavities directly, it does feed the bacteria already living in your mouth. As bacteria eat available carbohydrates, they produce acids which wear away your enamel.

While you don’t have to ditch sugar entirely, you should follow the AHA recommendations and limit the refined sugars you eat daily. As you cook, look for recipes that rely on natural sweeteners such as honey, maple syrup, and agave nectar.

If you don’t have access to natural sugars, look for recipes that use significantly less sugar than their traditional counterparts. A quick Google search for “healthy chocolate chip cookies” or “apple pie less sugar” will bring up plenty of fun combinations that won’t compromise your teeth.

2. Choose Dark Over Milk Chocolate

Many dentists consider candy and sweets as the bane of teeth. Hard candies, such as jawbreakers, can result in loose, chipped, or dislodged teeth. Softer, stickier candies, such as taffy and caramel, lodge in the cracks and crevices and supply steady amounts of sugar for oral bacteria.

But if you have a sweet tooth, chocolate may just save the day.

Chocolate contains helpful polyphenols that fight oral bacteria and prevent sugars from sticking to teeth. Additionally, cocoa contains oxalic acid that reduces bacterial acid production.

However, for best results, you need to choose chocolate with higher amounts of cocoa and lower amounts of sugar whenever you cook, bake, or snack. Look for dark chocolate with at least 70% cacao. If possible, incorporate cacao nibs into your recipes, as the nibs do not undergo processing and offer the most nutritional benefits.

3. Substitute Avocado for Butter

While sugars wreak havoc on your smile, certain fats can have a positive impact on your oral health. Omega-3 fatty acids, in particular, have anti-inflammatory properties that significantly reduce your likelihood of periodontitis.

To easily increase your omega-3 intake, add a healthy serving of avocado to your diet. A single cup of avocado contains 8% of your daily recommended value of omega-3 fatty acids. Additionally, avocado also supplies an impressive amount of calcium, phosphorus, zinc, vitamin D, and other essential vitamins and nutrients for maintaining teeth and gums. Better still, studies show that avocado contains phytonutrients that attack oral cancer cells, stopping pre-cancerous growths without damaging normal cells.

Avocado makes a great addition to sandwiches, salads, dips, and burgers. However, if you don’t like eating avocado raw, consider swapping butter for avocado in your favorite recipes. Avocados have a smooth, creamy texture that makes them an effective substitute for butter, and they don’t significantly alter the flavor of your breads, cookies, muffins, or cakes.

When cooking, substitute 1 cup avocado for 1 cup butter. If your recipe seems a little dry, add a little more milk to compensate. Don’t forget to lower your oven temperature by 20 to 25 degrees to keep your foods from over-browning.

4. Soak or Sprout Your Grains

Whole grains such as corn, wheat, and brown rice offer a lot of undeniable health benefits. They supply plenty of fiber for improving digestion, and they contain plenty of protein, vitamins, and minerals that keep you in great shape.

But whole grains also have phytic acid, a compound that binds to minerals and reduces their absorption. Although research is limited, some experts have found that individuals who ate a diet rich in phytic acid (via whole grains such as oatmeal) had a greater likelihood of developing cavities than those who chose a grain-free diet and supplemented with vitamin D.

Fortunately, you can still enjoy the fiber and health benefits that whole grain has to offer without compromising your teeth. When you prepare your grains through soaking, sprouting, and fermenting, you can significantly reduce phytic acid content in your food. If you don’t feel comfortable preparing your grains yourself, you can purchase sprouted wheat flour at many health food stores.

Enjoy Your Food and a Healthier Smile

When you incorporate these four tips into your cooking habits, you can reduce your chances of tooth decay without sacrificing your favorite flavors or recipes. Better still, these cooking tips will also help you cut unnecessary fats and calories from your diet, so your overall health receives a natural boost.

But remember that these tips should only add to (not replace) your current dental regimen. Even if you eat a healthy diet, don’t wait to schedule a cleaning with your dentist.  

Schererville Family Dentistry

1050 Caroline Ave
Schererville, IN 46375
Call or Text Us: 219.322.3232

Chesterton Family Dentistry

751 East Porter Ave, Suite 1
Chesterton, IN 46304
Call or Text Us: 219.929.9289